15 December 1784 ~ Conviction

Robert Abel was convicted of theft with violence and highway robbery with a pistol at the Old Bailey Court in England. He was sentenced to death by hanging, however, this sentence was changed to 7 years transportation aboard the Alexander in the First Fleet.

Old Bailey Proceedings Online (www.oldbaileyonline.org, version 7.0, 31 March 2013), December 1784 (s17841208-1) – ROBERT ABEL and WILLIAM RELLIONS were indicted for feloniously assaulting William Rough, on the King’s highway, on the 4th day of July last, and putting him in fear and danger of his life, and feloniously taking from his person and against his will, 5 s. in monies numbered, and two copper halfpence, value 1 d. his monies.

Old Bailey Proceedings Online (www.oldbaileyonline.org, version 7.0, 31 March 2013), December 1784 (o17841208-3) – Robert Abel, capitally convicted at a former Sessions, received his Majesty’s pardon, upon condition of being transported for seven years.

12 June 1790 ~ Punishment

Robert Abel was convicted of stealing sugar from the transport ship Lady Juliana. On this day he received 200 lashes as punishment. The whip of choice in 1790 was called a Cat o’ Nine Tails. Each of the 9 strands had 9 knots tied in them. This whip was made to rip the skin from a man’s back, and after 200 lashes, there would have been no skin left.

20 February 1794 ~ Land Grant

30 acres of land were granted to Robert Abel at “Bulanamming” near the Cook River. He later sold this land to Thomas Moore.